Fars Province, is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran and known as the cultural capital of Iran. It is in the south of the country, in Iran’s Region 2, and its administrative center is Shiraz. It has an area of 122,400 km². In 2011, this province had a population of 4.59 million people, of which 67.6% were registered as urban dwellers (urban/suburbs), 32.1% villagers (small town/rural), and 0.3% nomad tribes. The etymology of the word “Persian”, found in many ancient names associated with Iran, is derived from the historical importance of this region.
Fârs, or known in Old Persian as Pârsâ, is the original homeland of the ancient Persians. The native name of the Persian language is Pârsi. Persia and Persian both derive from the Hellenized form Περσίς Persis of the root word Pârs. The Old Persian word was Pârsâ.
Fars province is located in the south of Iran. It neighbours Bushehr Province to the west, Hormozgān Province to the south, Kerman and Yazd provinces to the east, Isfahan province to the north and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province to the northwest.
The geographical and climatic variation of the province causes varieties of plants; consequently, variation of wildlife has been formed in the province. Additional to the native animals of the province, many kinds of birds migrate to the province every year. Many kinds of ducks, storks and swallows migrate to this province in an annual parade.
The main native animals of the province are gazelle, deer, mountain wild goat, ram, ewe and many kinds of birds.The province of Fars includes many protected wildlife zones. The most important protected zones are: Toot Siah (Black Berry) Hunt Forbidden Zone, which is located at the end of Bovanat region.
Basiran Hunt Forbidden Zone, which is located 4 kilometers south to Abadeh; Bamu National Park, which is located north-east of Shiraz;Estahban Forest Park (Parke Jangaly), which is located on the outskirts of Touraj mountain; Hermoodlar Protected Zone, which is located east to larestan. The main ethnic group in the province constitutes of Persians (including Larestani people), while Qashqai, Lurs, Kurds, Arabs, Georgians, and Circassians constitute minorities.
Due to the geographical characteristics of Fars and its proximity to the Persian Gulf, Fars has long been a residing area for various peoples and rulers of Iran. However, the tribes of Fars including, Mamasani Lurs, Khamseh and Kohkiluyeh have kept their native and unique cultures and lifestyles which constitute part of the cultural heritage of Iran attracting many tourists.
Among the hundreds of thousands of Georgians and Circassians that were transplanted to Persia under Shah Abbas I, his predecessors, and successors, a certain amount of them were to guard the main caravan routes; many were settled around Āspās and other villages along the old Isfahan-Shiraz road.
By now these Caucasians have lost their cultural, linguistic, and religious identity, having mostly being assimilated into the population. The province has a population of 4.6 million approximately.
Geocoding for Fars, Iran: 29°37′N 52°32′E