Hormozgan Province is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, facing Oman and UAE. Its area is 70,697 km2 (27,296 sq mi), and its provincial capital is Bandar Abbas. The province has fourteen islands located in the Persian Gulf, and 1,000 km (620 mi) of coastline.
The province has eleven major cities, namely: Bandar Abbas, Bandar Lengeh, Hajiabbad, Minab, Qeshm, Jask, Bastak, Bandar Khamir, Parsian, Rudan, and Abumusa. The province also has 21 counties (or districts), 69 municipalities, and 2,046 villages. In 2011 a little more than 1.5 million people resided in Hormozgan Province.
Although Hormozgan is known to have had settlements during the Achaemenid era and when Nearchus passed through this region, the recorded history of the main port of Hormozgan (Bandar‑e Hormoz) begins with Ardashir I of Persia of the Sassanid empire.
The province is said to have been particularly prosperous between 241 BC and 211 BC, but grew even further in trade and commercial significance after the arrival of the Islamic era. Marco Polo visited the port of Bandar Abbas in 1272 and 1293, and reported widespread trading in Persian jewelry, the ivory and silk of Indochina, and pearls from Bahrain in the bazaars in the port of Hormuz.
The strategic importance of the Persian Gulf further increased after World War I with the discovery of oil in the region. The province is primarily mountainous, consisting of the southern tip of the Zagros Range. The province experiences a very hot and humid climate, with temperatures sometimes exceeding 120° F (49° C) in summers. There is very little precipitation year round.
Hormozgan has two free trade zones, one in Kish, the other on Qeshm island. The Kish Island, situated in a free-trade zone, is home of the Iranian oil bourse.
Geocoding for Hormozgan, Iran: 27.1884°N 56.2768°E
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