Eram Garden – BAG-E ERAM
BAG-E ERAM, a famous and beautiful garden at Shiraz. Its site close to the embankment of the Rudkhana-ye Kushk was formerly on the northwestern fringe of the city but is now well inside the greatly expanded urban area. The present garden and mansion are not very old but, like the other famous gardens of Shiraz, may well have replaced an earlier foundation. D. N. Wilber surmised that its antecedent may have been the Bag-e Shah mentioned in accounts o seed (Fasa’i, II, p. 164).
Forsat Shirazi, a contemporary of Fasa’i, praised the Eram Garden for its beautiful flowers, refreshing air, tall cypresses (a stately,beautiful cypress tree there known as sarv-e naz has long been a major tourist attraction), fragrant myrtles, flowing wa of the constructional work and praises of the then owner Nasir-al-Molk.
After the coup d’etat of 1332 5./1953 and the exile of the Qashqa’i brothers, who in the meantime had regained ownership of the Bag-e Eram, the government confiscated the garden and later on gave it to Pahlavi University (now the University of Shiraz). During this period the former mud walls were replaced with iron railings,old trees were cut down to make room for lawns, and a broad street named Eram Boulevard was laid out on the northwest side.
Early during the revolution of 1357 5./1978-79. the Qashqa’is repossessed the garden; shortly afterward its owner Khosrow Khan dedicated it to the people of Shiraz. The garden has now been made into a botanical garden and the mansion has been assigned to the Faculty of Law of the university.
Bibliography: Mohammad-Nasir Forsat Shirazi, Atar-e ‘Ajam, Bombay, 1313/1895,repr. 1353/1934. D. N. Wilber, Persian Gardens and Garden Pavilions, Tokyo, 1962; tr.Mahindokht Saba, Bagha-ye Iran kuska-ye an, Tehran, 1348 5./1969. R. Pechere, -Etude de jardins historiques,” in UNESCO, Iran, March, 1973. Mohammad-Taqi Mostafawi, Eqlim-e Pars, Tehran, 1343 5./1964; tr. R. N. Sharp, The Land of Pars, Chippenham, England, 1978, p. 315.